Parshot [Non-Orthodox and Orthodox]
All key-hyperlinks have been assembled by World ORT.
Kaluach provides a calendar, plus other relevant data (by double-clicking the demo).
Traditional parshot, from multiple perspectives, may be obtained from the following hyperlinks: the Orthodox Union, AISH, Eshnav, Global Yeshiva, Shema Yisrael (which also "teaches" Hebrew), Shamash, Torah-Web, and Virtual Jerusalem (the hyperlink of which is being modified). Additional schools-of-thought include:
So many frum links, so little time...Divrei Torah on the Parshios:
Varieties of Orthodox Judaism
The major groupings of Orthodoxy from its inception until the present day are represented in the following diagram.
The term "Orthodoxy" is applied to Jewish traditionalist movements that have consciously resisted the influences of modernization that arose in response to the European Emancipation and Enlightenment movements. It is not usually employed to designate Jewish traditionalism prior to the modern era, nor does the phenomenon appear in communities that were unaffected by the Reform movement; e.g., in North Africa, or in Eastern Europe before the mid-nineteenth-century.
The adjective "Orthodox" ("correct belief") is taken from the conceptual world of Christianity, where it denotes a conservative and ritualistic religious outlook, as viewed from the perspective of liberal Protestantism. It appears to have been first applied derisively to Jewish conservatives by a Reform polemicist in an article published in 1795.
Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch commented bitterly in 1854 that
Yet so pervasive was the use of the term that in 1886, when Hirsch established an alliance of the traditionalist congregations in Europe, he named it the "Freie Vereinigung für die Interessen des Orthodoxen Judentums" (Free Union for the Interests of Orthodox Judaism)!
Of all the movements on the contemporary Jewish scene, Orthodoxy is the least centralized and the most diverse. Whereas the Conservative and Reform movements in America each has a single seminary, Rabbinical association and synagogue union, the Orthodox world is fragmented into diverse institutional structures. Though they agree on basic issues of religious authority (e.g., the divine origins of the Bible and Oral Tradition) and the commitment to the study and observance of Jewish law, the Halakhah as interpreted in a relatively inflexible manner, Orthodox Jews diverge on a broad range of secondary issues, such as:
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